National University ŤOdessa Maritime Academyť
National University "Odessa Maritime Academy"
Summary: The article is devoted to the analysis of the state of legal regulation of ship recycling. Recycling of a vessel is part of its life cycle. The unregulated and uncontrolled process of ship recycling leads to damage to both the environment and the people involved in the recycling and who live near the recycling sites. It is important to develop international standards for ship recycling and implementation at the national level. Regulations are analyzed at three levels: international, regional, national. The following acts are being analyzed internationally: Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes, 1989, Technical Guidelines for the Environmentally Sound Management of Full and Partial Dismantling of Ships, 2002, Resolution A.962 (23) IMO Guidelines for Ship Recycling, 2003 Hong Kong Convention Safe and Environmentally Safe Recycling of Vessels 2009, IMO Resolution MEPC.196 (62) - Guidelines for the Development of a Ship Recycling Plan 2011, Resolution MEPC.210 (63) - Guidelines for Safety and Environmental Disposal of Ships 2012, MEPC Resolution. 211 (63) - recommendations for the authorization of ship recycling facilities in 2012, MEPC Resolution 269 (68) - Guidelines for the development of an inventory of hazardous materials in 2015, Resolution MEPC.222 (64) - recommendations for inspection / inspection and certification of ships under the Hong Kong Convention of 2012. The following acts are analyzed at the regional level: EU Regulation on the Recycling of Ships 2013, European List of Ship Recycling Facilities 2018, Technical guidelines for environmentally friendly regulation of complete and partial dismantling of vessels. 2003 and others. Attention is also paid to the state of ship recycling in Ukraine and the definition of ways of development in this area. Examples such as: ratification of the IMO Hong Kong Convention on the Safe and Environmentally Sound of Ship's Recycling and the European Union Regulation on the Ship's Recycling; development and adoption of laws and standards for safe disposal of ships in Ukraine; development of subsidy programs for Ukrainian enterprises, which will recycle Ukrainian vessels; bringing to the shipyard suitable for safe disposal of ships, or allocation of special places for ship's recycling; return of licenses for enterprises engaged in the disposal of hazardous waste to control these enterprises.